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Perceptual & Sensory Development

Conceptualise the sensory overload of information and movements after being born. Moreover, how these sensations, experiences are processed, interpreted and reassessed by a newborn on a daily basis. With this in mind, this chapter will be dedicated to understanding sensory and perceptual development. That is, how empirically based evidence allows us to gain a historical …

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Attention & Memory Development

As identified by Pashler (1995) one’s ‘attentional’ system is a coping mechanism that’s designed to interpret and process the volume of information that’s supplied to us via our ‘perceptual’ system. For example; ‘selective attention’ allows us to focus on the task at hand while filtering out other irrelevant stimuli. Knowing of this, Hagen & Stanovitch’s …

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A Child’s Development of Motor Skills

As previously mentioned, infants process innate perceptual abilities and reflexes. They also implement basic learning mechanisms like ‘accommodation,’ and ‘assimilation’ to construct a greater understanding of their environment. Piaget attributed this progressive gradual development to the infant’s ability to conceptualise what is meant by ‘causation,’ ‘language,’ ‘space,’ and ‘time.’ In addition, that motor skill development …

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Language Development

The composition of human language is divided into many individual verbal and symbolic cues. Noticeably, these cues allow others to comprehend and reproduce verbal, nonverbal acts. Moreover, as identified by many developmental theorists ‘comprehension’ always proceeds ‘reproduction’ as children will learn to identify individual sounds, words and sentences as they develop their communication skills. With this …

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Personality

Kelly theorised that human development depends on the individual’s innate ability to acquire information to maximise one’s comprehension of the world. Kelly also attributed the foundation of one’s personal constructs as a way of achieving this goal. In addition, that our social interaction and reinterpretation of any situation helps us to construct corollaries to anticipate …

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Individual Differences & Psychological Impairment

United States Psychologist Dr Toshihiko Maruta of the Mayo Clinic in Minnesota observed that individuals who process an optimistic disposition to live are, on average likely to live longer compared to negative or pessimistic individuals. Noticeably, this conclusion by Maruta was reinforced 30 years later as participants who were labelled as optimist within the original …